Virginia follows the American Rule, under which, absent a specific contractual or statutory provision to the contrary, attorneys fees are not recoverable by a prevailing litigant from the losing litigant. Thus, the rationale used by the Court of Appeals to affirm his convictions for assault and battery of a law enforcement officer and obstruction of justice is not valid. Bonus Match #11 — 12/21/1998: Unlocked in the «Mankind» chapter. The judgment of the Court of Appeals is reversed, and final judgment reinstating the convictions is entered on this appeal. 160414 Howsare v. Commonwealth 06/01/2017 In a homicide case, the circuit court did not err in instructing the jury on the element of intent.